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          Jan 21, 2012


Church of the East was Catholic Church Since the First Century



The Chaldean Catholic Church was in full communion with the Bishop of Rome the Successor of Saint Peter the Apostle, in communion with the rest of the Catholic Church. It was established by the missionary efforts of Judeo-Christian fleeing Jerusalem after the Roman destruction of Jerusalem and its Temple between 66-70 AD reaching the Persian Empire and evangelizing among their Jewish relatives and others.

According to tradition, Saint Thomas the Apostle, began evangelizing and baptizing the Jews in Western Persia, and Saint Adai the Apostle (Saint Thaddeus) and Saint. Mari also arrived from Jerusalem to spread the Good News of the Gospel everywhere in Mesopotamian and Western Persia.

These efforts flourished first among the large communities of Jews who were exiled by the Assyrian and Chaldeans armies in Mesopotamia since the 8th Century BC, who lived continuously in Babylonia and other cities, town and villages for more than one thousand years. Then, the Good News reached the indigenous people of Mesopotamia, the descendent of Chaldea and Assyria.

The Chaldean Church began to grow in numbers but simply became known as the “Church of the East” (the Church in the East of the Roman Empire, Refer to east of Euphrates River ) from the time of its establishment in the first Century.

Has one of the most ancient apostolic traditions in Christendom. Aramaic is liturgical language governance is hierarchical, worship is liturgical and sacramental, historically it has existed mainly in Iraq and the surrounding Countries.

From the beginning until the 5th Century, the Church of the East maintained communion with the Catholic Church, due to political circumstances between the two warring Persian and Roman Empires, gradually became separated from the Catholic Church in the West. The political tension was often augmented by the controversies and disputes within the Roman Empire during the Christological controversies of the 5th and 6th Centuries (431 to 553 AD). The Church of the East did not participate in any of the Councils or debates and at the same time refused to condemn teachings of Theodore thus was unfairly labeled by the rest of the Christians in the West, as the “Nestorian Church”.

The administrative see of the head of the “Church of the East” in Mesopotamia is called the Patriarchate, who is headed by the Patriarch. First, it was established in Seleucia-Ctesiphon (near Babylon) heart of the Chaldean territory.

In early seventh century as the Muslim Arabs conquered Mesopotamia, Patriarch Timothy I in 780 AD moved his patriarchate from Seleucia-Ctesiphon to the new capital of Baghdad. By the end of the 10th Century, the Patriarch of the Church of the East was overseeing fifteen metropolitan provinces with tens of Archbishops (Metropolitans) and Bishops under his jurisdiction, within Mesopotamia and beyond, namely, in Arabia, Eastern Persia, India and China.